Diabetes : Types, Causes and Symptom

1. What is Diabetes ?

Diabetes is a serious disease, in which blood glucose levels are very high . Glucose is very important for your health , because it is the main source of energy , which makes your muscles and tissues .This is also the main source of your brain’s fuel . Insulin , a hormone made by the pancreas , which transmits glucose to every cells of the body . Sometimes your body does not make enough insulin or uses insulin properly . Then glucose is in your blood and does not reach to your cells . Over time, the amount of glucose in your blood is very high, which can lead to diabetes. [Wikipedia]

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood , can cause your  health problems. Although diabetes has no permanent treatment, but you can still take steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy.

2. Different Types Of Diabetes :

types of diabetes
Type of Diabetes

There are three main types of Diabetes-

(a) Type 1 diabetes

(b)  Type 2 diabetes

(c) Gestational diabetes

3. Causes of Diabetes :

According to type, there are various reasons for diabetes . Different types of diabetes has different causes . Here we are discussing the causes of three types of diabetes :

[a] Causes of type 1 Diabetes :

In type 1 diabetes, your body is not able to make insulin. Your immune system destroys insulin-making cells in your pancreas . It normally leaves the body without having enough insulin to do its work, which is the main cause of diabetes . This is called an autoimmune reaction . other than is , viral or bacterial infection, intake chemical toxic substances presence in food , genetic factors may be the cause of type 1 diabetes .

Type 1 diabetes usually begins before the age of 40 , although it may appear in older people too .

[b] Causes of type 2 Diabetes :

In the case of type 2 diabetes, your body does not make or use insulin well. Type 2 diabetes is caused by your lifestyle and gene-related factors . apart from this , obesity , a sedentary lifestyle , growing age , poor diet may also cause Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes can start any age, even in childhood. However, this type of diabetes is mostly seen in middle-aged and elderly people.

[c] Cause of Gestational Diabetes :

Gestational diabetes develops in pregnant women. Most of the time, this type of diabetes ends after the baby is born. However, if you have gestational diabetes, then you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. Occasionally, diabetes during pregnancy is actually a type 2 diabetes.

4. Symptoms of Diabetes :

  • To feel very thirsty
  • Feeling hungry even though eating
  • Frequent urination, especially at night time
  • Extremely fatigue
  • Slow motion in the wound healing
  • Blurred vision
  • Vaginal infections
  • Skin infection
  • Obesity
  • Weight loss
  • Feeling pain in hands / feet
  • Irritability
  • Dizziness
  • Breath odor
  • Nausea